In robotics, the physical world is captured using the principles of information technology and transferred into kinetically feasible machines. Electrical engineering, mechanical engineering and computer science, especially the field of artificial intelligence, are the individual disciplines of robotics.
Sensor technology enables the robot to monitor itself and communicate with the environment. Image processing systems with cameras or lasers, triangulation sensors, light barrier functions, ultrasonic sensors and RFID readers are all part of this.
Industrial robots are numerically the largest group among existing robots. They are a component of automation technology and replace human labor for heavy lifting tasks and repetitive activities on assembly lines. The first industrial robots were also used in environments with high gamma radiation.
Industrial robots consist of the components control, drive, kinematics, gripping system and sensors.
Mobile robots have the capability to move around in their environment and are not fixed to one physical location. Mobile robots can be "autonomous" (AMR - autonomous mobile robot) which means they are capable of navigating an uncontrolled environment. Alternatively, mobile robots can rely on guidance devices that allow them to travel a pre-defined navigation route in relatively controlled space.