Exact Time Measurement at Running Events with UHF RFID
  • Exact Time Measurement at Running Events with UHF RFID
  • Exact Time Measurement at Running Events with UHF RFID
  • Exact Time Measurement at Running Events with UHF RFID
  • Exact Time Measurement at Running Events with UHF RFID
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Exact Time Measurement at Running Events with UHF RFID

All across the world, RFID transponders on shoes were considered a state-of-the-art solution for recording the exact individual time at competitions. Today, start numbers with integrated transponders are used for running events ranging from five kilometers to ultra distances of 100 or more kilometers.

Whereas the first start numbers with integrated transponders were still using UHF inlays from the industrial or logistics sector, today, tags specially adapted to the requirements of sports timekeeping are used.

Running is a mass sport. In Germany alone, more than 4,000 running competitions take place every year, including almost 240 marathons. More than two million starts are recorded in Germany. The five marathons with the highest number of participants in the world each register over 40,000 finishers, the New York Marathon registers over 50,000.

Process Requirements

Time recording at running competitions was a manual process for decades. The times were registered manually with stopwatches and recorded in lists. This was the case, for example, at the first Berlin Marathon in 1974 with 286 participants. The changeover to barcode recording of strip codes on start numbers in Berlin from 1981 onwards also continued to require manual work by timekeepers. In 1994, RFID transponders were used for the first time in Berlin, which were attached to the shoes of the 12,263 runners.

This was the start of chip-based timekeeping without manual labor. However, the chip on the shoe showed deficits in use. There is a risk that runners will forget the chip on the day of the race. An incorrect attachment results in incorrect or no measurement. For rental transponders, deposit systems must be integrated which create an increased administrative effort.


  • Comfortable handling of time measuring equipment for competitors
  • Realization of a capture rate of over 99 percent
  • Material-saving production to reduce costs and logistics efforts


The UHF RFID transponder is integrated on the back of the start number. Foam spacers are used to create the physically necessary distance between the runner's body and the antenna of the RFID inlay. The spacer ensures that the transponders are reliably detected even in wet climatic conditions and sweaty running clothes.

The time is measured by the detection through an antenna mat. At least one mat must be at the finish line. In order to inform each runner after the race not only about the gross running time between the start and the finish line, but also about the net running time, numerous organizers use a second mat at the start line. For longer running distances, the number of antenna mats on the course can be increased.

For example, in a marathon, split times can be taken at the half-marathon mark and 10-kilometer sections. The times can be viewed on displays in real time to motivate the runners. At the same time, a tightly controlled time recording on the course ensures that no runner shortens the running distance.

The UHF technology's bulk recording capability also works in competition with large numbers of participants. At the Mercedes-Benz Corporate Run 2017 in Miami, the organizers were able to record 38,181 runners without malfunction within seven minutes by using a UHF RFID timekeeping system at the start.

Hardware & Software

  • Start numbers with integrated UHF RFID transponders equipped with foam spacers
  • Mats with integrated UHF RFID antennas
  • RFID reader with interfaces to software-based evaluation tools


  • Reliable bulk acquisition with achieved capture rates of 99.9 percent
  • Simplified logistics for sports organizers
  • Benefits for competitors: Timing chip cannot be forgotten, no need to attach it to the shoe, no deposit required for a rental transponder
  • 100 percent transferability to running and cycling disciplines in triathlons
  • Suitable for road and trail competitions even under changing climatic conditions

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Questions? Get in contact with the editorial team!


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